Help your cat cope with fireworks

Fireworks can be a very scary event for your cat, can you imagine the noise and bright flashes and not understanding what they are? We have made some tips on how to help your cat during fireworks.

Keep your cat indoors at night time during fireworks

Even if you are not having fireworks yourself, you cannot predict if others in your neighbourhood might be. Keeping your cat indoors will avoid them being caught out when fireworks start. When keeping cats indoors be sure to provide litter trays for them.

Feliway

Feliway is a synthetic copy of the feline facial pheromone, or ‘happy marker’ that cats leave behind when they rub their face on people, furniture, doorways and other objects in the home. It is a sign they feel comfortable in their home environment. Feliway can be used to help during stressful times, such as fireworks, or even moving home. Combine Feliway with the below tips and you should significantly help your cat to be calmer.

Escape-proof your house

Close all doors, windows and block off cat flaps to stop your cat escaping outside during fireworks. Cats can squeeze into surprisingly tight spots, so block off any dangerous or unsuitable areas they may go into.

Create a safe hiding place

If your cat normally hides in a specific place, make sure they have access and encourage them to use the space with treats and toys. A box lined with blankets and with the opening slightly covered is ideal. They will feel safer the higher up they can go, so placing the box on a top shelf or cupboard will help, ensuring it’s safe.

Do not shut them in a confined area

It is very important not to shut your cat in a confined area as they could injure themselves trying to escape. Allow access to all safe areas of the house.

Cover the windows

It isn’t only the sound of fireworks that worries cats; the flashes can upset them too. It is important to cover windows and draw the curtains to block out any sudden bursts of light.

Turn on the radio

To reduce the impact of the sudden sound of fireworks, keep a radio or television on.

Act normal around your cat

Cats are very perceptive and if they notice you’re behaving unusually (like following them around or being overly affectionate) they’ll sense something is up. If they see that the fireworks have no effect on you, this may help decrease their anxiety.

Avoid picking them up

If your cat is distressed avoid trying to interact with them or picking them up as increased stress levels can provoke sudden aggression. Cats also take a long time to calm down, so leave them until morning to settle before interacting with them again.

Buy them a treat

Wherever your cat decides to settle for the night, a new toy or treats can be a great distraction from the noise. There are also products on the market that can help cats to cope with stressful events.

Make sure your cat’s microchip is up to date

Cats flee if they are scared. Make sure your cat can be identified should they run away by ensuring they are microchipped and the details contained are up to date.

Help your dog cope with fireworks

Bonfire night for many is a great night. The roaring fire, toffee apples and of course the colourful, loud fireworks.  However, for our pets bonfire night can be very scary with 80% of pet owners owning a dog that shows a fear response to fireworks.

We recommend trying the below tips, especially in puppies who may be experiencing their first firework season. These tips will help dogs of all ages, if you have any concerns please just contact us!

•    Adaptil – Dog appeasing pheromone comes as a plug in device or a collar which releases a calming scent into the air which only a dog can smell.  The plug-in should be placed in the room in which your dog spends most time, switched on 24 hours a day and started about 2 weeks prior to fireworks. **NOTE – our surgeries have a promotion until 21st December for free travel spray when you buy a Diffuser or Collar**

•    Desensitisation – In the long term your dog needs to learn to be less afraid of loud noises. The ‘Sounds scary’ CD is now available which simulates the random and unpredictable noises of fireworks. The CD program should be started several weeks before November 5th and will help make the next firework season less stressful.

•    Create a safe, comfortable and quiet area for your dog.  This can be as simple as a blanket over the back of chair, or the cupboard under the stairs, just remember to allow your pet to come and go to this area, do not lock them in.  If your dog prefers to hide under the table or bed then allow this, do not coax him out.  Do this a few weeks in advance to give your dog time to adjust and familiarise themselves. Train your dog to associate this area with positive experiences e.g. playing games, treats etc.

•   Some dogs will bolt if out on walks when fireworks go off so make sure he is wearing an ID tag or, better still, have him microchipped.

•    If behavioural modifications have not worked for your pet, medications are available in the form of tranquillisers, but these should be used as a last resort and in more serious cases.  At least one trial dose must be administered to the animals at a quiet non-stressful time in order to assess the response to treatment. Occasionally some dogs may show aggression when treated with tranquillisers, this phenomenon is ‘aggression disinhibition’, this is why a trial dose is extremely important.
If firework night is upon you, here are some suggestions to help ease this stressful period:

  • Keep them in the house during the worst period.
  • Make sure you dog is well fed as this will help make him sleepy and relaxed.
  • Draw the curtains/blinds to keep out visual reminders of flashing lights.
  • Try to remain calm and relaxed yourself to convey the message that there is nothing to worry about.
  • Have some familiar calming music or the TV on to help block out some of the noise.
  • Take your dog for his work earlier in the evening to make sure he has been to the toilet before fireworks start. Try to tire you dog out ready for the evenings.
  • Do not pat/stroke in an attempt to soothe your dog if he is showing signs of stress.  This is an inadvertent positive reward for the behaviour that you don’t want!  Do not punish fearful behaviour either, as this will only intensify the fear. Take care to only reward the non-fearful behaviour that you want.